SSC CGL 2023 (Combined Graduation Level) | SSC CGL ki puri jankari

Staff Selection Commission - Wikipedia


Combined Graduated Level Examination is an examination organized by the Staff Selection Commission also known as SSC to recruit Group B and C officers to various posts in top ministries, departments and organizations of the Government of India. The Staff Selection Commission was established in 1975.

Full name of the examination is Staff Selection Commission Combined Graduate Level Exam.

Administered by: Staff Selection Commission

SSC CGL Syllabus 2023: SSC has issued the new exam pattern and syllabus for  SSC CGL 2023 exam and soon it will release the official notification of the SSC CGL 2023 exam. In June-July 2023 the Tier-1 Exam of the SSC CGL 2023 exam is scheduled to be conducted. Candidates who are planning to get ready for the SSC CGL exam have to go through the latest SSC CGL syllabus and exam pattern to scale their chances to appear in this exam. A fair overview of the SSC CGL Syllabus & exam pattern for the Tier-I and Tier-II Exam is necessary to prepare effectively for this exam. Based on the latest pattern, let’s know about the SSC CGL Syllabus 2023 for Tier I & II exams.

SSC CGL Syllabus 2023

To start the preparation for any exam, the candidates must be familiar with the complete & accurate exam pattern along with a detailed SSC CGL syllabus to plan a full-proof strategy to score good marks in the exam. The exam pattern & syllabus for each SSC CGL Phase has been discussed in this post. Staff Selection Commission will select candidates for Combined Graduate Level posts through a Two-Tier recruitment process. The mode of all stages of the SSC CGL Exam is as follows-

Tier Type Mode
Tier – I Objective Multiple Choice Questions Computer-Based Test (online) CBT
Tier – II (Paper I, II, III) Paper I (Compulsory for all posts),
Paper II for candidates who apply for the posts of Junior Statistical Officer (JSO) in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation and
Paper III for candidates who apply for the posts of Assistant Audit Officer/ Assistant Accounts Officer.
Objective Type, Multiple choice questions, except for Module-II of Section-III of Paper-I
Computer-Based Test (online) CBT

SSC Combined Graduation Level {CGL} Syllabus 2023 for Tier 1 Exam

The aspirants beginning with the preparation for SSC CGL Exam must be familiar with the subject-wise SSC CGL Syllabus for the Tier-1 exam which consists of mainly 4 sections- 1. Quantitative Aptitude, 2. General Intelligence and Reasoning, 3. English Language & 4. General Awareness.

The detailed SSC CGL Syllabus 2023 for Tier-1 Exam has been discussed in breif below.

SSC Combined Graduation Level (CGL) 2023 Tier 1 Exam Pattern

SSC Combined Graduation Level CGL Tier 1 Exam will be qualifying in nature. As per SSC Combined Graduation Level Syllabus 2023 for Tier 1 Exam, aspirants will be going to have 4 sections with 25 questions each. The time duration for attempting the Tier-1 Exam is 60 minutes & there is a negative marking of 0.50 marks for each incorrect answer. Have a quick look at the SSC CGL Tier-1 Exam Pattern from here-

SNo. Sections for CBT Tier-1 No. of Questions Total Marks Time Allotted
1 General Intelligence and Reasoning 25 50 A cumulative time of 60 minutes
(1 hour)
2 General Awareness 25 50
3 Quantitative Aptitude 25 50
4 English Comprehension 25 50
Total 100 200


SSC Combined Graduation Level Syllabus 2023 for Quantitative Aptitude

In SSC CGL Tier-1 Exam, the Quantitative Aptitude Questions basically focus on analyzing the candidate’s ability to appropriately use of numbers and number sense. This section is common in Tier-1 & Tier-2 and some of the topics are similar in nature, so do prepare well to save time during your next stage of preparation for the same chapters. The main topics for SSC CGL Quantitative Aptitude as set by the commission are as given below-

SSC Combined Graduation Level Tier-I Syllabus- Quantitative Aptitude [CBT]
  1. Computation of whole numbers
  2. Decimals
  3. Fractions
  4. Relationships between numbers
  5. Profit and Loss
  6. Discount
  7. Partnership Business
  8. Mixture and Alligation
  9. Time and distance
  10. Time & Work
  11. Percentage
  12. Ratio & Proportion
  13. Square roots
  14. Averages
  15. Interest
  16. Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra & Elementary surds
  17. Graphs of Linear Equations
  18. Triangle and its various kinds of centers
  19. Congruence and similarity of triangles
  20. Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles
  21. Triangle
  22. Quadrilaterals
  23. Regular Polygons
  24. Right Prism
  25. Right Circular Cone
  26. Right Circular Cylinder
  27. Sphere
  28. Heights and Distances
  29. Histogram
  30. Frequency polygon
  31. Bar diagram & Pie chart
  32. Hemispheres
  33. Rectangular Parallelepiped
  34. Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square base
  35. Trigonometric ratio
  36. Degree and Radian Measures
  37. Standard Identities
  38. Complementary angles

SSC Combined Graduation Level Syllabus 2023 for General Intelligence and Reasoning are given below

The SSC CGL Syllabus 2023 for General Intelligence and Reasoning comprises of both verbal and non-verbal types of topics. This section will be key to examining the candidate’s activeness and sharpness in any condition. The area to be covered under SSC CGL Syllabus for General Intelligence and Reasoning are listed below-

SSC Combined Graduation Level Tier-I Syllabus- General Intelligence and Reasoning 
  1. Analogies
  2. Similarities and differences
  3. Space visualization
  4. Spatial orientation
  5. Problem-solving
  6. Analysis
  7. Judgment
  8. Blood Relations
  9. Decision making
  10. Visual memory
  11. Discrimination
  12. Observation
  13. Relationship concepts
  14. Arithmetical reasoning
  15. Figural classification
  16. Arithmetic number series
  17. Non-verbal series
  18. Coding and decoding
  19. Statement conclusion
  20. Syllogistic reasoning

SSC Combined Graduation Level Syllabus 2023 for the English Language-

In all the sections in SSC Combined Graduation Level Tier-1, the English section will be only in the English language their is no alternative language available for it. The candidates have to attempt the questions asked in the exam which would analyze their knoowledge of the subject and their basic comprehension and writing ability would also be tested. Good command over the following topics would help the candidates to secure good score in this particular section.

SSC Combined Graduation Level Tier-I Syllabus- English Language
  1. Idioms and Phrases 
  2. One word Substitution
  3. Sentence Correction
  4. Error Spotting
  5. Fill in the Blanks
  6. Spellings Correction
  7. Reading Comprehension
  8. Synonyms-Antonyms
  9. Active Passive
  10. Sentence Rearrangement
  11. Sentence Improvement
  12. Cloze test


SSC CGL Syllabus 2023 for General Awareness

This section will help test the aspirants awareness about General Knowledge and General Science and their application to society. Through the syllabus of this section is vast in terms of the following major topics-

SSC Combined Graduation Level Tier-I General Awareness Syllabus
  1. India and its neighbouring countries especially pertaining to History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Policy & Scientific Research
  2. Science
  3. Current Affairs
  4. Books and Authors
  5. Sports
  6. Important Schemes
  7. Important Days
  8. Portfolio
  9. People in News
  10. Static GK


SSC Combined Graduation Level Syllabus 2023 for Tier-2

After giving the preliminary exam has been conducted, it will be necessary to prepare for the Tier-2 Exam of the SSC CGL 2023 Exam. The Mains Exam will be conducted online and is an objective multiple-choice exam [mcq], except for Module II (Data Entry Speed Test) of Section III of Paper-I.

SSC Combined Graduation Level [CGL] Tier-2 Exam Pattern

Paper-I will be conducted in multiple sessions – Session I & Session II, on the same day and it is compulsory for all candidates who qualify in Paper 1. Session-I will include conducting Section-I, Section-II and Module-I of Section-III. Session II will include conducting Module II of Section III. It will be mandatory for the candidates to qualify for all the sections of Paper-I.

SSC CGL Tier 2 Paper 1
Sections Module Subject No. of Questions Marks Weightage
Section I Module-I Mathematical Abilities 30 60*3 = 180 23%
Module-II Reasoning and General Intelligence 30 23%
Section II Module-I English Language and Comprehension 45 70*3 = 210 35%
Module-II General Awareness 25 19%
Section III Module-I Computer Knowledge Test 20 20*3 = 60 Qualifying
Module-II Data Entry Speed Test  One Data Entry Task Qualifying
SSC CGL Tier 2 Paper 2 & 3
Paper Section No. of question Maximum Marks Duration
Paper II Statistics 100 200 2 hours
Paper III General Studies (Finance and Economics) 100 200 2 hours

Module-I of Session-I of Paper-I Mathematical Abilities is given below:

The main focus of this section is to examine the candidate’s knowledge in terms of the suitable use of numbers and the number sense of the candidate. Though the section is also demands in the Tier-1 Exam, however, the level and type of questions will be designed differently and slightly more moderate than in the 1st stage. So candidates must buckle up their reparation with the topics enlisted below-

Topics Sub-topics
Number Systems
  1. Computation of Whole Number
  2. Decimal and Fractions
  3. Relationship between numbers
Fundamental arithmetical operations
  1. Percentages
  2. Ratio and Proportion
  3. Square roots
  4. Averages
  5. Interest (Simple and Compound)
  6. Profit and Loss
  7. Discount
  8. Partnership Business
  9. Mixture and Alligation
  10. Time and distance
  11. Time and work
  1. Basic algebraic identities of School Algebra and Elementary surds (simple problems)
  2. Graphs of Linear Equations
  1. Similarity with elementary geometric figures and facts: Triangle and its various kinds of centres
  2. Congruence and similarity of triangles
  3. Circle and its chords, tangents, angles subtended by chords of a circle, common tangents to two or more circles.
  1. Triangle
  2. Quadrilaterals
  3. Regular Polygons
  4. Circle
  5. Right Prism
  6. Right Circular Cone
  7. Right Circular Cylinder
  8. Sphere
  9. Hemispheres
  10. Rectangular Parallelepiped
  11. Regular Right Pyramid with triangular or square Base.
  1. Trigonometry
  2. Trigonometric ratios
  3. Complementary angles
  4. Height and distances (simple problems only)
  5. Standard Identities
Statistics and probability
  1. Use of Tables and Graphs: Histogram, Frequency polygon, Bar-diagram, Pie-chart
  2. Measures of central tendency: mean, median, mode, standard deviation
  3. Calculation of simple probabilities

Module-II of Section-I of Paper-I Reasoning and General Intelligence is given below:

Questions of both non-verbal and verbal types. These will comprise of questions on-

Module-II of Section-I of Paper-I Reasoning and General Intelligence
  1. Semantic Analogy
  2. Symbolic operations, Symbolic/ Number Analogy, Trends
  3. Figural Analogy
  4. Space Orientation
  5. Number Series
  6. Embedded figures
  7. Figural Series
  8. Critical Thinking
  9. Problem-Solving
  10. Emotional Intelligence
  11. Word Building
  12. Social Intelligence
  13. Coding and de-coding
  14. Numerical operations
  15. Other sub-topics, if any
  16. Semantic Classification
  17. Venn Diagrams
  18. Symbolic/ Number
  19. Classification
  20. Drawing inferences
  21. Figural Classification
  22. Punched hole/ pattern-folding & unfolding
  23. Semantic Series
  24. Figural Pattern folding and completion

Module-I of Section-II of Paper-I English Language And Comprehension is given below-

Fluency in the English Language will be obeserved on the basis of this section of the SSC Combined Graduation Level Tier-2 Syllabus. Basic knowledge of the English language in terms of the given enlisted topics is necessary to score good marks in this section of the Tier-2 Exam. The syllabus for reading comprehension is not specific and is added in the syllabus to check candidates quick responses to the situations.

Module-I of Section-II of Paper-I (English Language And Comprehension)
  1. Vocabulary
  2. English Grammar
  3. Sentence structure
  4. Spot the Error
  5. Cloze Passage
  6. Fill in the Blanks,
  7. Synonyms/Homonyms
  8. Antonyms
  9. Spellings/ Detecting misspelt words
  10. Idioms & Phrases
  11. One word substitution
  12. Improvement of Sentences,
  13. Active/ Passive Voice of Verbs
  14. Conversion into Direct/ Indirect narration
  15. Shuffling of Sentence parts
  16. Shuffling of Sentences in a passage
  17. Comprehension Passage- To test comprehension, three or more paragraphs will be given and questions based on those will be asked. At least one paragraph should be a simple one based on a book or a story and the other two paragraphs should be on current affairs, based on a report or an editorial.

Module-II of Section-II of Paper-I General Awareness:

Questions are designed to check the candidates general awareness of the environment around them and its application to society. Questions are also designed to test knowledge of current events and of such matters of everyday observation and experience in their scientific aspect as may be expected of an educated person. The test will also include questions relating

Module-II of Section-II of Paper-I (General Awareness)
  1. India and its neighbouring countries especially pertaining to History, Culture, Geography, Economic Scene, General Policy & Scientific Research
  2. Science
  3. Current Affairs
  4. Books and Authors
  5. Sports
  6. Important Schemes
  7. Important Days & Dates
  8. Portfolio
  9. People in News

Module-I of Section-III of Paper-I Computer Proficiency:

Topics Sub-Topics
Computer Basics
  1. Organization of a computer
  2. Central Processing Unit (CPU)
  3. Input/ output devices
  4. Computer memory
  5. Memory organization
  6. Back-up devices
  7. PORTs
  8. Windows Explorer
  9. Keyboard shortcuts
Software Windows Operating system including basics of Microsoft Office like MS word, MS Excel and Power Point etc
Working with the Internet and e-mails Web Browsing & Searching, Downloading & Uploading, Managing an E-mail Account, e-Banking
Basics of networking and cyber security Networking devices and protocols, Network and information security threats (like hacking, virus, worms, Trojan etc.) and preventive measures

SSC Combined Graduation Level Tier 2 Syllabus- Paper 2 (Statistics)

For some candidates, this section might be tough & difficult to understand. The basic tip is to get the concept clear and repetitive revision of the concepts would be beneficial to grab good marks in this section too. The SSC CGL Tier-2 Syllabus for Statistics is described as follows-

SSC CGL Tier 2 Syllabus- Paper 2 (Statistics)
Subject Topics
1. Collection, Classification and Presentation of Statistical Data Primary and Secondary data, Methods of data collection; Tabulation of data; Graphs and charts; Frequency distributions; Diagrammatic presentation of frequency distributions.
2. Measures of Central Tendency  Common measures of central tendency – mean median and mode; Partition values- quartiles, deciles, percentiles.
3. Measures of Dispersion- Common measures of Dispersion range, quartile deviations, mean deviation and standard deviation; Measures of relative dispersion.
4. Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis Different types of moments and their relationship; the meaning of skewness and kurtosis; different measures of skewness and kurtosis.
5. Correlation and Regression Scatter diagram; simple correlation coefficient; simple regression lines; Spearman‟s rank correlation; Measures of association of attributes; Multiple regression; Multiple and partial correlation (For three variables only).
6. Probability Theory Meaning of probability; Different definitions of probability; Conditional probability; Compound probability; Independent events; Bayes‟ theorem.
7. Random Variable and Probability Distributions Random variable; Probability functions; Expectation and Variance of a random variable; Higher moments of a random variable; Binomial, Poisson, Normal and Exponential distributions; Joint distribution of two random variable (discrete).
8. Sampling Theory Concept of population and sample; Parameter and statistic, Sampling and non-sampling errors; Probability and nonprobability sampling techniques(simple random sampling, stratified sampling, multistage sampling, multiphase sampling, cluster sampling, systematic sampling, purposive sampling, convenience sampling and quota sampling); Sampling distribution(statement only); Sample size decisions.
9. Statistical Inference Point estimation and interval estimation, Properties of a good estimator, Methods of estimation (Moments method, Maximum likelihood method, Least squares method), Testing of hypothesis, Basic concept of testing, Small sample and large sample tests, Tests based on Z, t, Chi-square and F statistic, Confidence intervals.
10. Analysis of Variance Analysis of one-way classified data and two-way classified data.
11. Time Series Analysis Components of time series, Determination of trend component by different methods, Measurement of seasonal variation by different methods.
12. Index Numbers Meaning of Index Numbers, Problems in the construction of index numbers, Types of index number, Different formulae, Base shifting and splicing of index numbers, Cost of living Index Numbers, Uses of Index Numbers.

SSC Combined Graduation Level Tier 2 Syllabus- Paper-3 (General Studies-Finance and Economics)

This section of the SSC CGL Tier 2 Syllabus is divided into 2 parts Finance & Accounts and Economics & Governance for which the sub-topics are detailed below-

SSC CGL Tier 2 Syllabus- Paper 3(General Studies-Finance and Economics)
Part Subject Topics
Part A: Finance and Accounts-(80 marks) Financial Accounting
  1. Nature and scope
  2. Limitations of Financial Accounting
  3. Basic concepts and Conventions
  4. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles
Basic concepts of accounting
  1. Single and double entry
  2. Books of Original Entry
  3. Bank Reconciliation
  4. Journal, ledgers
  5. Trial Balance
  6. Rectification of Errors
  7. Manufacturing
  8. Trading
  9. Profit & Loss Appropriation Accounts
  10. Balance Sheet
  11. Distinction between Capital and Revenue Expenditure
  12. Depreciation Accounting
  13. Valuation of Inventories
  14. Non-profit organisations Accounts
  15. Receipts and Payments and Income & Expenditure Accounts
  16. Bills of Exchange
  17. Self Balancing Ledgers
Part B: Economics and Governance-(120 marks) Comptroller & Auditor General of India- Constitutional provisions, Role and responsibility
Finance Commission-Role and functions
Basic Concept of Economics and introduction to Micro Economics
  1. Definition
  2. Scope and nature of Economics
  3. Methods of economic study
  4. Central problems of an economy
  5. Production possibilities curve
Theory of Demand and Supply
  1. Meaning and determinants of demand
  2. Law of demand and Elasticity of demand
  3. Price
  4. Income and cross elasticity
  5. Theory of consumer‟s behaviour
  6. Marshallian approach and Indifference curve approach
  7. Meaning and determinants of supply
  8. Law of supply
  9. The elasticity of Supply
Theory of Production and cost
  1. Meaning and Factors of production
  2. Laws of production- Law of variable proportions and Laws of returns to scale.
Forms of Market and price determination in different markets
  1. Various forms of markets-Perfect Competition
  2. Monopoly
  3. Monopolistic Competition
  4. Oligopoly
  5. Price determination in these markets.
Indian Economy
  1. Nature of the Indian Economy Role of different sectors, Role of Agriculture, Industry and Services-their problems and growth.
  2. National Income of India-Concepts of national income, Different methods of measuring national income.
  3. Population-Its size, rate of growth and its implication on economic growth.
  4. Poverty and unemployment- Absolute and relative poverty, types, causes and incidence of unemployment.
  5. Infrastructure-Energy, Transportation, Communication.
Economic Reforms in India
  1. Economic reforms since 1991
  2. Liberalisation
  3. Privatisation
  4. Globalisation
  5. Disinvestment
Money and Banking
  1. Monetary/ Fiscal policy- Role and functions of Reserve Bank of India; functions of commercial Banks/RRB/Payment Banks.
  2. Budget and Fiscal deficits and Balance of payments.
  3. Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management Act, 2003.
Role of Information Technology in Governance

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